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How do high-power relays work?

Click volume: 133 Release time: 2024-06-11

A high-power relay is an electronic device used to control high-power circuits. It usually consists of an electromagnetic coil and a switch that can be controlled. The following is the working principle of high power relay:

 

1. Electromagnetic coil:

The electromagnetic coil of a high-power relay is a coil, usually wound by copper wire. When the current through this coil changes, a magnetic field is created.

 

2. Contact:

The contact of a high-power relay is a switch, usually made of alloy materials. The contacts have two states: normally closed (NC) and normally open (NO). The initial state can be either one.

 

3. Control signal:

When the current applied to the relay coil meets specific conditions, the electromagnetic coil will generate enough magnetic field to cause the contacts to operate.

 

4. Action process:

When the electromagnetic coil is activated, the magnetic field will attract or repel the contacts, causing them to switch. For example, if the initial state is normally closed, the contact will open upon activation; if the initial state is normally open, the contact will close upon activation.

 

5. Power control:

The main function of high-power relays is to control the on-off of high-power circuits. Once the contacts are actuated, high-power circuits can be connected or disconnected. For example, it can be used to control switches of high-power motors, heaters, lights and other equipment.

 

It should be noted that high-power relays usually require larger currents and voltages to activate the electromagnetic coils and have higher load capabilities. They are widely used in industrial automation, power systems, transportation and other fields to achieve precise control of high-power circuits.

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Naidian Group is an electronic timer manufacturer and digital timer supplier, providing high-power relays, electronic time relays, digital timer relays, DC to AC solid state relays, and digital display timer relay knowledge popularization.

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